Vision loss amongst the elderly is a major problem. By the age of 65 one person in three has some vision loss and the most common causes are age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Regular eye tests are essential for the elderly.
Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss in the elderly but vision can often be restored by surgery. Diabetes may be first diagnosed when the patients presents with diabetic retinopathy. If not then they should receive a yearly eye test with dilation to ensure the retinopathy doesn’t occur.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of loss of vision in those over 65. Risk factors include advancing age, family history of AMD, hypertension and smoking. There are two types of AMD – dry AMD (nonexudative) or wet AMD (exudative).
90% of those with AMD with have nonexudative or dry AMD but this accounts for only 10-20% of severe sight loss with AMD.
Glaucoma is a group of disorders damaging the optic nerve and visual field lens. It is a major cause of blindness in the elderly.
Cataracts are the most common cause of vision impairment and blindness. Surgery for cataracts is usually readily available, effective and safe.The chance of getting cataracts increases from 5% in those under 65 years of age to 50% in those over 75 years of age.
The chances of developing diabetic retinopathy rises with the increasing duration of the disease. It can be seen at the time of diagnosis or during the early years of having the disease. It is essential to get a yearly eye test to watch for any changes.
We can provide a FREE NHS eye test in the comfort of you own home if you are eligible. Please give us a call to find out more on 0203 418 8488 or visit http://www.communitycareopticians.co.uk