0203 418 8488   seeme@ccchealth.co.uk

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration is gradual damage to the cells of the macula. This condition is most common in people over 60 years of age and causes blurry vision in the centre of the field of vision.


Amblyopia is commonly referred to as a “lazy eye.” It occurs when vision has not properly developed in the eyes, and the brain begins to favour the eye with better vision.


Can cause blurry vision as the cornea is not perfectly shaped to direct light into the eye.


A cataract is a clouding of the lens causing blurry vision and is most common in older people.  Those with cataracts often report “haloes” surrounding objects they’re looking at, particularly at night.  Cataracts can be removed by surgery that replaces the damaged lens with an artificial lens.


The cornea is a layer of clear tissue on the front of the eye that helps focus light.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the blood vessels of the retina caused by diabetes. It causes blurred or dark spots in the field of vision and can eventually lead to blindness.

Dry Eye Syndrome

This is caused by a lack of tears and is usually down to a problem with the tear ducts, tear formation or the eyelids.  Some medications can cause dry eyes with blurry vision and pain.


Glaucoma is increased pressure of the fluid inside the eye which can cause optic nerve damage and is a common cause of blindness.

Hyperopia (farsightedness)

When close-up objects look blurry


The iris is the coloured part of the eye and it is a set of muscles which control the pupil, the opening in the middle of the eye.  The iris controls the amount of light coming in through the pupil.

Myopia (nearsightedness)

When faraway objects look blurry

Optic Nerve

The optic nerve is a bundle of nerve fibres attached to the back of the eye which transmits visual information from the retina back to the brain.


Farsightedness caused by the loss of elasticity of the eye’s lens due to ageing.


The pupil is the opening in the middle of the eye and the amount of light coming in through the pupil is controlled by the iris.

Retinal Detachment

This is when the retina separates from the back of the eye and causes blurry or complete loss of vision.  Retinal detachment should be treated as an emergency and you should seek medical help asap.

Tear Ducts

The tear ducts are located in the upper and lower eyelids at the inner corners.  Tears keep the cornea lubricated and clear of foreign bodies and the tear ducts drain away the tears.

Regular eye tests can help avoid many eye conditions or catch them before they are too severe and permanent damage is caused.  Get in touch now if you would like us to come to your home, or that of a relative, friend or neighbour, to carry out a full NHS eye test ☎ 0203 418 8488 www.communitycareopticians.co.uk

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